A medical laboratory is a place where the tests for the clinical specimen will be done in order to get the information needed for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of a disease on a patient. Clinical laboratories focus on applied science mainly on the production-like basis not like the research laboratories that focus on basic science on an academic basis.
There are two departments when it comes to laboratory medicine and each department will be subdivided into different units. You can read more about the two departments below.
Anatomic pathology – this department will include cytopathology, electron microscopy, and histopathology. A person can study each unit in a single course, academically. The other courses related to this section are histology, pathophysiology, pathology, and physiology.
Clinical pathology that contains the following:
Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five different units of science. Mycology, immunology, bacteriology, parasitology, and virology are the units included here!
Clinical chemistry – the instrumental analysis of blood components, endocrinology, toxicology, and enzymology, are the units that are included in this section.
Hermatology – the manual and automated analysis of blood cells are under this section. The blood bank and the coagulation are the other subunits included in this section.
Cytogenetics is a subspecialty that is studied alongside genetics.
Reproductive biology – assisted reproductive technology, semen analysis, and sperm bank are in this section.
You should know that it would vary from different places when it comes to the distribution of clinical laboratories in different health centers. An example for this is some facilities might not have a laboratory for microbiology but will have separate labs for each unit, while some health institutions will have one laboratory intended for microbiology.
Below are a detailed analysis on the responsibilities of the laboratory equipments for urinalysis and hermatology.
You should know that any clinical specimen can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissue, synovial fluids, cerebrospinal fluid, sputum, blood, urine, feces, and swabs. That main task here involves the main concern with cultures, looking for the possible pathogens that will be identified more based on biochemical tests if found. A sensitivity test will also be done in order to know if the pathogen is resistant or sensitive to a prescribed medicine, simply check this company. Results will be reported together with the determined organism or organisms, and the type and quantity of drugs that will be given to a patient.
The types of medical laboratories
In a lot of countries, there are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens. The laboratories that are attached to the hospitals will perform different tests for the patients. Private laboratories will analyze the samples from insurance companies, clinical research sites, health clinics, and general practitioners. You can look into a website if you want to know more about medical laboratories.